Revolutionary Desulfurization Process
to help the Oil Industry be Environmentally Friendly
Global Advanced Technologies, LLC offers a revolutionary desulfurization process that uses a new molecular technology to remove sulfur from crude oil as a pre-treatment process or post refining treatment of any refined product to meet the new limits without the need of added heat or pressure. This is the 3rd generation of JDP℠ that can reach the internal sulfur without heat or pressure.
Due to environmental issues the oil industry has spent hundreds of millions of dollars to reduce the sulfur content in the fuels they produce to meet the regulatory levels of sulfur content. Complex Refineries have high CAPEX and OPEX costs to reduce the sulfur to the new USA limits. Many complex refineries are unable to afford these costs and are closing. Our proprietary desulfurization process, JDP℠, reduces the sulfur at a tremendously lower CAPEX and OPEX costs because our JDP℠ technology eliminates the need for high heat and high pressure that Complex Refineries use with hydrogen to remove the sulfur
Using this revolutionary oxidative desulfurization as a separation method along with specialized proprietary equipment, JDP℠ can remove the internal sulfur molecule from the hydrocarbons without the high heat or pressure that complex refineries must use.
JDP℠ meets the new global limits without heat or pressure or the huge capital costs (as much as $500 million for 45,000 bpd hydrotreating ) and huge operating costs that is required for hydrogen-based systems.
Presently, complex refineries use Hydrodesulfurization (HDS), the industry standard method of removing sulfur in petroleum refining operations, it uses various types of catalysts to add hydrogen to reduce unwanted sulfur compounds.
The HDS process requires expensive, high-pressure (up to 1,200 psi) and high-temperature (500 – 1,200°F) equipment to reach the internal sulfur atoms of the hydrocarbon molecule to meet new global regulations. JDP℠ does not need heat or pressure to reach the internal sulfur atoms.
|HDS-Old limits||500 ppm||570 F||600-800 psi|
|HDS-New Limits||15 ppm||1,200 F||1,200 psi|
|JDP -New Limits||15 ppm||No heat||No Pressure|
All hydrogen-based systems require high temperatures and high pressures to both separate the sulfur from the hydrocarbon and create H2S gases for removing the sulfur as a gas.
While the JDP℠ system removes the sulfur to new limits without heat or pressure, the added benefit of the JDP℠ system is that the gas is released in the form of a SOx gas which is the first phase gas needed for production of Sulfuric Acid. Thus, the by-product sulfur can be sold at a high profit market.
BENEFITS OF GAT’s
Proprietary Desulfurization, JDP℠
While the USA oil industry has made great strides to be the lowest air or water polluters of global oil refiners, the industry is always willing to do more. Because of the new global sulfur limits, refineries are closing due to the high cost to retrofit existing facilities or build new refineries to meet these new limits. Transportation is becoming an issue as high sulfur oil cannot be transported in pipelines and rail must be cleaned before low sulfur oils can be transported with additional costs for logistics. The shipping industry is scrambling to find solutions to meet the new regulations which have lowered international IMO Sulfur limits to from 3.5% down to 0.5% sulfur content in marine fuel.
JDP℠ Technology can help resolve those issues... Global Advanced Technologies’, JDP℠, is the most cost-effective desulfurization technology on the market to meet new global sulfur limits for diesel fuel and marine fuels. Commissioning of a JDP system takes approximately 6-9 months. GAT strives to bring environmentally friendly technologies to the global oil industry.
TEST Reports are Confidential
( can be discussed upon request and with NDA’s in place)
JDP Refinery Plan
An oil refinery may be considered as a factory that converts crude oil into a range of useable products. It is designed to produce what the market requires in the most economical and efficient manner. The first step in the manufacture of petroleum products is the separation of crude oil into the main fractions by atmospheric distillation. When crude oil is heated, the lightest and most volatile hydrocarbons boil off as vapours first and the heaviest and least volatile last. The vapours are then cooled and condensed back into liquids.
This distillation process is carried out in a fractionating column. This is divided into a series of chambers by perforated trays, which condense the vapours at each stage and allow the liquids to flow into storage tanks. Pre-heating of the crude oil is limited to 350°C to prevent the oil being thermally cracked.
Atmospheric and Vacuum Distillation
The residue from atmospheric distillation is sometimes referred to as long residue and to recover more distillate product, further distillation is carried out at a reduced pressure and high temperature. This vacuum distillation process is important in maximizing the upgrading of crude oil. The residue from vacuum distillation, sometimes referred to as short residue, is used as a feedstock for further upgrading or as a fuel component. Unlike the fractionating column for atmospheric distillation, a system of packed beds instead of trays is used for condensation of the low-pressure vapours.
Refineries based just on atmospheric and vacuum distillation are said to be operating “the straight run” process and the fuel oil is basically either long or short run residue. The percentage of residue varies depending on the composition of crude processed. For a typical “light” North African crude the residue is 28%, whilst for a “heavy” Venezuelan crude it is as high as 85%. ₁ [see Platt’s Yield Slide]The proportion of products produced does not always match the product demand and is primarily determined by the crude oil. JDP can change the value for the 28% to 85% ‘resid” coming from the atmoshperic distillation at multiples of value with much lower cost that VDU and processes eliminated in our business plan. Selection of using “heavy” crudes increases the profit per barrel by increasing the % resid as stated above [Platt’s Crude Yields].
JDP process eliminates the expensive equipment as shown in yellow